Current Issue

Volume: 22 - Issue: 2, 12/30/22

Year: 2022

Research Article

Translation

Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies is a scientific, academic and peer-reviewed journal published online twice a year on 30 June and 30 December. Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies aims to contribute to the accumulation of knowledge in its field by publishing original academic works with scientific qualities at national and international levels.

Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies, publishes scientific articles in all areas of religious studies (Arts and Humanities/Religion), Islamic researches in particular. In addition, the articles on Middle East Studies, Ottoman Studies, Religious Culture and Ethics and the like may also be published, as long as they are related to religious studies in some way. Until now, eight special issues on Orientalism, Mu’tazilah, Ahl Al-Bayt, Ahl Al-Sunnah, Occidentalism, Mawlana, Shia, Salafism and Quran have been published and new special issues are published when necessary.

  • The articles to be submitted to Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies must be written in Microsoft Word and uploaded on the website http://marife.org/en/ along with the title page and Ethical Statement & Copyright Release Form. The name/names of the author should not be included in the main document, due to the double-blind referee ethics. All information about the author/authors should be included on the title page. Click to access the guide for the peer review system for the article upload process.
  • The articles to be submitted to Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies must be prepared using the reference management software (Zotero, EndNote, Mendeley, Citavi). Articles prepared without using a reference management software do not proceed to the scientific evaluation process.
  • Articles should be in the range of 3000-9000 words, it should not be longer than twenty-five (25) pages including the bibliography and appendix such as pictures, charts and maps. Texts should be written via Microsoft Office Word with 10-point Cambria font with 12,5 nk space. Paragraphs should be justified. Margins should be; top 2.25, right 2, left 2, and bottom 1.5 cm.
  • Footnotes should be written with 8-point Cambria font with 1 nk space and justified.
  • The title of the article should be in Turkish and English.
  • Around 500-600 words summary of the articles and English translation of the summary should be submitted for the Turkish articles. Turkish and English abstracts should be submitted for foreign language articles.
  • There should be keywords consisting of five both in Turkish and English.
  • The original title of a translated article and its bibliographic information should be stated with a footnote attached to the main title.
  • The editor has got the right to do minor changes in terms of spelling etc. The spelling book of the Turkish Language Council should be the main reference for spelling and punctuation unless there are special situations of the article.
  • The author should be consistent in using diacritical letters and words with transcripts.
  • Under the title of the article, there should not be information about the name of the author, his/her institution, phone number and email address etc. Since the system administrator can already see the author of an article, the information about the author will be added to the article after the referee process. Thus, while adding an article to the system, the authors must be sure that there is no information about him/her. This is especially important for the referees who will examine the article to work independently.

  • Author Guidliness should be examined in advance to prepare the manuscripts in accordance with journal’s writing rules and it should be used Microsoft Word Article Template file.
  • The names of individuals, works and terminology should be written in accordance with the article titles and spelling rules in the Turkish Religious Foundation Encyclopaedia of Islam.
  • There should be a bibliography at the end of the manuscript.

ETHICAL PRINCIPLES

  • Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies undertakes to apply the highest standards of publication ethics and to comply with the following principles of publication ethics. These principles are based on the recommendations and guidelines developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), and for journal editors.
  • The publication processes applied in Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies constitute the basis for developing and distributing information in an impartial and respectful manner. The procedures followed in this direction directly reflect the quality of the authors' work and the institutions that support the authors. Peer-reviewed studies are studies that embody and support the scientific method. At this point, all stakeholders of the process (authors, readers and researchers, publishers, referees, and editors) must comply with the standards of ethical principles.
  • Authors who submit their work to Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies are obliged to comply with ethical rules and are deemed to have declared that they have not committed ethical violations. Studies containing ethical violations will be rejected without being included in the evaluation process, and other applications of their authors will not be evaluated. If an ethical violation is detected, the report on the subject is sent to the author and, if deemed necessary, to the relevant institutions.

1. General Actions Against Scientific Research and Broadcasting Ethics

a) Plagiarism: To show others' original ideas, methods, data or works as their own work, wholly or partially, without reference to scientific rules,

b) Forgery: Using data that does not actually exist or has been falsified in scientific research,

c) Distortion: Falsifying the research records or the data obtained, showing the devices or materials not used in the research as being used, falsifying or shaping the research results in line with the interests of the people and organizations,

d) Republishing: To present repetitive publications as separate publications in academic appointments and promotions,

e) Slicing: Dividing the results of research into pieces in a way that disrupts the integrity of the research and inappropriately and publishing in more than one issue and presenting these publications as separate publications in academic appointments and promotions,

f) Unfair authorship: Including persons without active contribution among the authors or not including those who are, changing the author's order in an unjustified and inappropriate manner, removing the names of those who have an active contribution from the work in subsequent editions, having their names included among the authors by using their influence even though they have no active contribution,

Other types of ethical violations:

a) Not specifying the supporting persons, institutions, or organizations and their contributions in the publications made as a result of researches conducted with the support,

b) To use the thesis or studies that have not yet been submitted or accepted as a source without the permission of the owner,

c) Not complying with ethical rules in researches on humans and animals, not respecting patients' rights in publications,

ç) To act contrary to the provisions of the relevant legislation in biomedical researches and other clinical trials related to humans,

d) Sharing the information contained in a work that has been assigned to review with others before it is published without the explicit permission of the owner of the work,

e) Misuse of the resources, places, facilities, and devices provided or allocated for scientific research,

f) To make unfounded, unwarranted, and deliberate allegations of ethical violations,

g) To publish the data obtained without the express consent of the participants in a questionnaire and attitude research conducted within the scope of a scientific study or if the research will be conducted in an institution, also without the permission of the institution,

ğ) To harm animal health and ecological balance in research and experiments,

h) Failing to obtain written permissions from the authorized units in research and experiments before starting the work.

i) Research and experiments in legislation or engage in activities contrary to the provisions on related research and experimentation of the international conventions that Turkey is a party.

i) Failing to comply with the obligation of researchers and authorities to inform and warn those concerned about possible harmful practices regarding the scientific research,

j) Not using the data and information obtained from other persons and institutions in scientific studies, to the extent and as permitted, not to respect the confidentiality of this information and to ensure its protection,

k) To make false or misleading statements regarding scientific research and publications in academic appointments and promotions (YÖK Scientific Research and Publication Ethics Directive, Article 4).

Within the framework of ethical rules; Studies requiring Ethics Committee Permission to be evaluated in the journal are as follows:

1. All kinds of research conducted with qualitative or quantitative approaches that require data collection from participants using survey, interview, focus group study, observation, experiment, interview techniques,

2. Use of humans and animals (including material / data) for experimental or other scientific purposes,

3. Clinical researches on humans,

4. Research on animals,

5. Retrospective studies in accordance with the law on the protection of personal data.

In this context, in studies to be evaluated in our journal;

1. Obtaining and indicating "Informed Consent Form" in case presentations,

2. Obtaining and indicating permission from the owners for the use of scales, questionnaires, and photographs belonging to others,

3. It should be stated that the copyright regulations are complied with for the intellectual and artistic works used.

4. Editors ensure the protection of human and animal rights in the studies evaluated. Editors have the responsibility to refuse to work when there is no approval of the ethics committee on the subjects used in the study, and no permission for experimental research. In studies requiring ethics committee approval, information about the permission (name of the board, date, and number) should be included in the method section and also on the first/last page of the article. In case of reports, the information that the informed consent/consent form was signed should be included in the article.

2. Responsibilities of Stakeholders

The stakeholders and readers of the researches are pleased to inform Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies about the scientific research and publication ethics they see in the published articles to editormarife@gmail.com.

a) Editors' Responsibilities

Editor and field editors of Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies, Code of Conduct and Best Practice for Journal Editors (COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors), Best Practice Guidelines (COPE Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors) for Journal Editors published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and provide the following ethical duties and responsibilities based on the principles of Publication Ethics Flowcharts developed by COPE in possible situations of abuse or breach of publication ethics.

• Impartiality and publisher freedom. Editors evaluate the submitted article suggestions by considering their suitability to the scope of the journal and the importance and originality of their studies. Editors do not take into account the race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, nationality, or political views of the authors submitting the article proposal. Editors should not have personal or financial conflicts of interest with articles. Other institutions other than the journal editorial board cannot influence the correction or publication decision. Editors take care that the published issues contribute to the reader, researcher, practitioner, and the scientific field and to be original.

• Independence: The relationship between Editors (Editor and Assistant Editors) and the publisher is based on the principle of editorial independence. According to the written agreement between the editors and the publisher, all decisions of the editors are independent of the publisher and the journal owner. Editors should reject, under no influence, incomplete or erroneous research that does not comply with the journal policy, publication rules, and level.

• Privacy. Editors do not share information about a submitted article with anyone other than the responsible author, referees, and editorial board. It ensures that the articles evaluated by at least two referees are evaluated according to the double-blind review system and keeps the referees confidential.

• Disclosure and differences of opinion. Editors and editorial board members may not use unpublished information in an article submitted for their own research purposes without the express written consent of the authors. Editors should not have a conflict of interest regarding articles they accept or reject.

• Printing decision. Editors ensure that all articles accepted for publication are reviewed by at least two referees who are experts in their field. Editors are responsible for deciding which work will be published from the articles submitted to the journal, the validity of the study in question, its importance to researchers and readers, the comments of referees, and such legal requirements. Editors have the responsibility and authority to accept or reject articles. Therefore, it has to use its responsibility and authority in place and on time.

• Ethical concerns. Editors will take action when ethical concerns arise regarding a submitted article or published article. As a matter of fact, they continue their business processes without compromising intellectual property rights and ethical standards. Any reported unethical publishing behavior will be reviewed, even if it occurs years after publication. Editors follow COPE Flowcharts in case of ethical concerns. If ethical issues are significant, correction, retraction may be applied or concerns regarding the issue may be published in the journal.

• Collaboration with Journal Boards: Editors ensure that all members of the advisory committee advance the processes in accordance with the editorial policies and guidelines. Informs the advisory board members about publication policies. It enables advisory board members to evaluate their work independently. It can contribute to new advisory board members and decide accordingly. For evaluation, the advisory board should send studies appropriate to the expertise of its members. It interacts regularly with the advisory board. It holds regular meetings with the editorial board for publication policies and magazine development.

b) Authors' Responsibilities

1. Reporting standards: The authors of the original research should ensure that the study and results are presented accurately, and then the importance of the study is discussed objectively. If authors make use of other studies or use other studies, they must cite and / or cite completely and accurately.
2. Data access and retention: Authors are required to keep the raw data of their studies. When necessary, they should submit it for editorial review if requested by the journal.
3. Originality and plagiarism: Authors must submit entirely original works and if they have used the work or words of others, this must be appropriately cited. Plagiarism constitutes unethical publishing behavior in all its forms and is unacceptable. For this reason, a similarity rate report is requested from all authors who submit an article to the journal.
4. Multiple, duplicate, backup, or simultaneous submission/publication: Authors cannot have their work in the application process of more than one journal at the same time. Each application can be started following the completion of the previous application. A study published in another journal cannot be sent to the Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies. Simultaneous submission of an article to more than one journal is unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
5. Authorship of the manuscript: Only those who fulfill the authorship criteria should be listed as authors in the content of the manuscript. These authorship criteria are as follows; (i) contributed to the design, implementation, data collection or analysis phases (ii) prepared the manuscript or made a significant intellectual contribution or critically revised it; or (iii) saw the final version of the manuscript, approved it and agreed to be submitted for publication. The corresponding author should ensure that all authors (according to the definition above) are included in the list of authors and declare that they have seen the final version of the article and agree to be submitted for publication.
6. Statement and conflicts of interest: Authors should reveal conflicts of interest at the earliest possible stage (usually by submitting a disclosure form at the time of submission and including a statement in the article). All sources of financial support for the study must be declared (including the grant/fund number or other reference numbers, if applicable). In accordance with the publication policy of Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies, people who contribute in real terms to the articles submitted to the journal (original scientific research article, case reports, and reviews) should be written as authors. The author (s) of the article must declare that there is no personal and financial conflict of interest within the scope of the study. They should indicate these declaration at the Title Page.
7. Peer review: Authors are responsible for participating in the peer-review process and are obliged to fully cooperate by responding promptly to editors' requests for raw data, explanations and evidence of ethical approval, and copyright permissions. If a "required revision" decision is made first, the authors should review and resubmit their manuscript until the deadline given to the reviewers' comments in a systematic manner.
8. Fundamental errors in published works: When authors find material errors or inaccuracies in their own published work, they are obliged to inform the journal, editors or publishers, immediately and to cooperate with the journal editors or publishers to correct a typo in the article (erratum) or remove the article from publication. If editors or publisher learn from a third party that a published work contains a material error or inaccuracy, the author must take the responsibility of correcting or withdrawing the article immediately or providing the journal's editors with evidence of the paper's accuracy.
c) Responsibilities of Referees
1. Contribution to editorial decisions: Assists editors in their editorial decisions and assists authors in improving their articles through editorial communication. Completion of other articles, works, references, citations, rules, and similar deficiencies related to the article should be pointed out.
2. Speed: Any referee who does not feel qualified to review the proposal of the article or knows that the article review cannot take place on time should immediately notify the editors and reject the invitation to review, thus ensuring the appointment of a new referee.
3. Confidentiality: All article suggestions submitted for review are confidential documents and should be handled as such. It should not be shown or discussed to others unless authorized by the editor. This also applies to referees who decline the invitation to review.
4. Impartiality standards: Comments on the proposal of the article should be made impartially and recommendations should be made in a way that the authors can use to improve the article. Personal criticism of the authors is not appropriate.
5. Acceptance of references: Referees should describe relevant published works that are not cited by the authors. The referee should also inform the editor of any significant similarities between the manuscript reviewed and any other manuscript (published or unpublished).
6. Conflicts of interest: When the referees suspect that there is any conflict of interest in the article they evaluate, they should inform the editor of the journal about the evaluation process and, if necessary, refuse the article evaluation. There should be no conflict of interest between the reviewers and the stakeholders of the article under review.

PUBLICATION POLICY
Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies is a nationally refereed journal published electronically in June and December, free of charge, open to access, in accordance with the principles of double-blind refereeing. Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies publishes scientific articles in all areas of religious studies (Arts and Humanities/Religion), Islamic researches in particular. In addition, the articles on Middle East Studies, Ottoman Studies, Values/Character Education, and the like may also be published, as long as they are related to religious studies in some way. Until now, eight special issues on Orientalism, Mu’tazilah, Ahl Al-Bayt, Ahl Al-Sunnah, Occidentalism, Mawlana, Shia, Salafism, and Quran have been published and new special issues are published when necessary.
Open Access Policy
As Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies adopts the principle that scientific research will be provided free of charge to humanity and will increase the global sharing of knowledge, it adopts an open access policy. In this context, all articles published in the journal are accessible at https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/marife/archive. In addition, every article published in Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies is licensed under Creative Commons' Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license.

Copyright
Authors whose publication is published in Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies are deemed to have transferred the copyright of the publication to the journal indefinitely. During publication submission, Ethical Statement & Copyright Release Form must be filled in by the author and uploaded to the system. The responsibility of science, law, and language of the published articles belongs to their authors.

Wage Policy
Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies as an open access journal does not charge any fees for article submission or article processing and printing. No copyright fee is paid to the author for the published articles.
Archiving Policy
The journal uses the LOCKSS system to allow participating libraries to create a distributed archiving system, allowing libraries to create permanent archives for conservation and restoration purposes.  LOCKSS: http://marife.org/en/pub/marife/lockss-manifest
Article Evaluation Process
Please click for detailed information about the evaluation process.
Similarity Detection Policy
All studies submitted to Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies are scanned through software capable of similarity scanning (iThenticate, etc.). Studies with a plagiarism rate (excluding bibliography) over 15% are not evaluated and returned to their authors. If a work published in the journal is found to be plagiarism, the Editorial Board reserves the right to take various actions, including withdrawing the article, reporting the issue to the head of the department, dean, and/or relevant institutions at the institution where the author works. Click for detailed information.
Quality Assurance
Editors are responsible for publishing every article published in the journal in accordance with journal publishing policies and international standards.
Protection of Personal Data
Editors ensure the protection of personal data relating to the subjects or images included in the evaluated work. Contributors (editors, authors, and referees) are provided with documents showing their contributions upon request.
Precaution Against Potential Abuse and Misuse
Editors take action against possible abuse and abusive behavior. In addition to conducting a meticulous and objective investigation for the detection and evaluation of complaints regarding this situation, the editor's responsibilities are to share the findings with the competent authorities.
Ensuring Academic Publication Integrity
Editors ensure that decisions involving errors, inconsistencies, or misleading in the works are quickly corrected.
Protection of Intellectual Property Rights
Editors are obliged to protect the intellectual property rights of all published articles, to defend journal and author rights in possible violations, and to take the necessary measures to ensure that the content of all published articles does not infringe the intellectual property rights of other publications.
Structuring and Openness to Discussion
Editors take into account the criticism of the works published in the journal and take a constructive attitude towards these criticisms in line with the purpose and scope of the journal. Authors of the criticized work have the right to reply. Studies containing negative results are rejected.
Complaints
Editors are obliged to carefully review complaints and respond to authors, referees, or readers in an enlightening and descriptive manner.
Political and Commercial Concerns
The owner, publisher, and any other political or commercial element of the journal cannot influence the independent decisions of the editors.
Conflicts of Interest
Editors guarantee and ensure to authors and referees that the journal's publication process will be maintained in an independent and impartial manner.

Marife Turkish Journal of Religious Studies as an open access journal does not charge any fees for article submission or article processing and printing.